ANALISA PENGARUH KATALIS TEMBAGA PADA KATALYTIK KONVERTER TERHADAP EMISI GAS CARBON MONOKSIDA DAN HIDRO KARBON PADA KENDARAAN MOTOR BENSIN

Mustaqim ., Tofik Hidayat, M. Ginta Nur Hidayat

Abstract


The growth of motor vehicles in Indonesia is quite fast to bring the influence
of the increased usage of fuel oil, so that the air pollution becomes inevitable.
Motor vehicles are the largest source of pollutant emissions and contribute to
the Carbon Monoxide of the pollutants that exist, where from year to year
pollution levels increased along with the increasing use of motor vehicles.
One of the things that can be done by researchers in this application is the
installation of emission control teknology Catalytic Converters are installed
in the exhaust gas channel.  Catalytic Converter generally use this type of
expensive metal catalysts and rare in the market (Palladium, Platinum and
Rhodium). Based on the fact above, so we do by making "'Design of Catalytic
Converter with using metal copper (Cu) as catalyst.This research aims to
design a catalytic converter get up, to know the efficiency of the use of metals
Copper (Cu) as a catalyst and to determine the effect of CO emissions in
motor vehicles.  Measurement  of the concentration of Carbon Monoxide gas
emissions in the exhaust gas channel carried on standart conditions using
Gas Analyzer tool. From the results of this in I find that the use of Catalytic
Converters Copper (Cu) with a variety plate and the fibers  are made of
copper as a catalyst to reduce CO Flue gas emissions. Efficiency decrease in
CO concentration of 0.01% by using 0.2 mm Cu and copper fibers. Output
CO concentration are largely influenced by changes in engine speed and
vehicle fuel and air mixture entering the combustion chamber. In general, the
use of Catalytic Converter does not affect the performance of vehicle engines.
Keywords:    Catalytic Converters, Catalytic Copper (Cu), Concentrations of
CO

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